Whitebone Porgy

Whitebone Porgy

Whitebone Porgy

Calamus leucosteus

AKA:

Chocolate Porgy

Managed by:

SAFMC


Physical description:

The body of the whitebone porgy is silvery overall, with regular brown markings of varying intensity on the sides, more like splotches than spots. Brown markings also occur on the fins, and occationally the sides bear brown crossbars. The species can be distinguished from two other frequently caught deepwater porgies, the red porgy, Pagrus pagrus, and knobbed porgy, Calamus nodosus. The former is predominently pink; the latter has a very steep sloping forehead and cheeks that are speckled with bright blue and yellow. Although most members of the genus have 14 to 15 pectoral rays, the whitebone porgy has 16.


Biological description:

The whitebone porgy is found from Cape Hatteras to Cape Canaveral, in the Florida Keys (along with a multitude of other tropical porgies) and throughout the Gulf of Mexico. It prefers habitats of high-and low-profile reef-like bottom in water ranging from 100-240 feet in depth. Both sexes of the whitebone porgy mature within their first or second year, and spawning occurs from April to August. Whitebone porgies are protogynous hermaphrodites, known to live as long as 12 years, reaching a length of 18 inches and weight of 5 pounds. This species feeds on the bottom, picking up crabs, shrimp or snails that live along rocks, sponges or corals.


South Atlantic Federal Regulations

Commercial:

  • OPEN 
  • Size Limit: None
  • Trip Limit: None
  • Regulatory Remarks:
    • All species must be landed with head and fins intact.
    • Recreational and commercial fishermen are required to use dehooking tools when fishing for snapper grouper species.
    • The use of non-stainless steel circle hooks (offset or non-offset) is required for all species in the snapper grouper complex when using hook-and-line gear with natural baits in waters North of 28 degress N. latitude.
    • After the commercial quota is met, all purchase and sale is prohibited and harvest and/or possession is limited to the recreational bag limit. This prohibition does not apply to fish harvested, landed, and sold prior to the quota being reached and held in cold storage by a dealer. Quotas are given in gutted weights.
    • Commercial snapper grouper vessels must have onboard NMFS approved sea turtle release gear and follow smalltooth sawfish release protocol. See the Handling and Release Protocol from NOAA Fisheries or call 727-824-5312.
    • Annual Catch Limit (ACL) -This species is managed under an ACL. See current information on Commercial ACLs (quotas) from NOAA Fisheries.
  • Additional Updates:

Recreational:

  • OPEN, effective January 1, 2017. 
  • Size Limit: None
  • Bag Limit: Included in 20 Aggregate Fish Bag Limit
  • Regulatory Remarks:
    • Included in the 20 Fish Aggregate Bag Limit - There is an aggregate bag limit of 20 fish per person inclusive of all fish in the snapper grouper complex currently not under a bag limit. A fisherman may catch their bag limits and additionally retain up to 20 other fish for which there is no bag limit, including this species.
    • All species must be landed with head and fins intact.
    • Recreational and commercial fishermen are required to use dehooking tools when fishing for snapper grouper species.
    • The use of non-stainless steel circle hooks (offset or non-offset) is required for all species in the snapper grouper complex when using hook-and-line gear with natural baits in waters North of 28 degress N. latitude.
    • The sale of bag-limit caught snapper grouper species is prohibited.
    • Annual Catch Limit (ACL) - This species is managed under an ACL. See current information on Recreational ACLs from NOAA Fisheries.
  • Additional Updates: